But you’re in the wrong skin
And the skin that you’re in says
Oh, let it begin
And earth is the loneliest planet of all
Morrissey, “Earth Is The Loneliest Planet”
So you want to start a web project and accessibility is one of its core requirements? Here is an overview of stuff you might want to consider before you write a single line of code. Those are things I came across with a lot of web projects and I wished I had considered earlier.
If I smile
Do not be swayed
I simply serve the public image
Graphics as such cannot be grasped by blind people unless they are described and explained with text. People who are visually impaired (tunnel vision, colour blindness) may not be able to easily perceive the meaning of the graphics.
When your name’s with the best
Will my name be on your guest list?
Morrissey, “Lucky Lisp”
Some contents require special structure and preparation. These should then also be packaged in the HTML elements provided for this purpose. Every text editor of a modern content management system or blog software helps you to do this without having to understand the exact syntax.
Steely blue eyes
With no love in them
Scan The World
Morrissey, “America is not the World”
You should be breaking up large texts in smaller chunks with headings!
Your contents should be grouped hierarchically and thematically with headings and subheadings. This creates a clear table of contents for the page and facilitates navigation on the page. As soon as a new paragraph is started, a suitable heading should be considered. This makes it easier to roughly “scan” the text.
Call me morbid, call me pale
I’ve spent six years on your trail
The Smiths, “Half A Person”
Since 1995 web usability expert Jakob Nielsen recommended the use of breadcrumb trails as a secondary navigation scheme to help the users find their way through a complex website. And he can’t be wrong 22 years later as websites became more complex with different ways of navigation (e.g. off canvas menus, tabs, collapsibles, parallax scrolling etc.) and an uncountable number of different devices have access to them nowadays. Still they help users in those modern times.